Eclipse Authors: Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, Liz McMillan, David H Deans, JP Morgenthal

Related Topics: Eclipse

Eclipse: Article

Debugging and Profiling with Eclipse, Jetty, and Tomcat

I like to run my web container from the command line rather than from the IDE


Tab nameProperty nameProperty valueDescription
-NameTomcat (Pluto:8080)Can be any name you want to give it. Mine says what and where
ConnectProjecthl-wwwThis is your project name
ConnectConnection TypeStandard - Socket AttachConnect over a socket
ConnectConnection Properties : Hostpluto.healthline.comDNS name of the host, could be an IP address (I think)
ConnectConnection Properties : Port8787Same port as specified in address above
ConnectAllow termination of remote VMNoThis is really your choice, I just don't want it.
SourceSource Lookup PathSelect your projectThis is so you can see the sources as you debug
SourceSource Lookup PathSelect any other source jars you haveThis is so you can see the sources as you debug
CommonDisplay in Favorites MenuYesThis adds the config as a bookmark under the debug icon.

Deploy your app to the Tomcat container and restart Tomcat. In Eclipse, switch to the Debug perspective and a breakpoint in in your code (say a controller you want to call). In Eclipse's Debug perspective, [Alt]-[Shift]-B allows you to set (or unset) breakpoints at particular points in your code. Open up a browser and point to the page you want to debug. Bringing the page up will activate the debugger in Eclipse and you will see the code where you set the breakpoint being highlighted, with the top right corner containing the variables to be inspected. You can use [F6] through [F8] keys to step over, into and out of breakpoints. You probably know how to take it from here.

Remote Debugging with the Maven-Jetty plugin

Information for this comes from Dan Allen's blog post Remote Debugging with Jetty. Unlike Tomcat, this time you have to set the debugging parameters within MAVEN_OPTS since Maven runs its classworlds Launcher instead of Java. The MAVEN_OPTS need to be set in your configuration (either in your ~/.bash_profile or in a shell script that calls the mvn jetty6:run command). As before, if you already have other stuff in your MAVEN_OPTS, the stuff below needs to go after that.

export MAVEN_OPTS="-Xdebug -Xnoagent -Djava.compiler=NONE \

You also need to disable the Jetty maxIdleTime interval by setting it to 0. This is done in the pom.xml file like so:

<project ...>
            <connector implementation=
"org.mortbay.jetty.nio.BlockingChannelConnector"> <port>8081</port> <maxIdleTime>0</maxIdleTime> </connector> </connectors> </configuration> <dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.geronimo.specs</groupId> <artifactId>geronimo-j2ee_1.4_spec</artifactId> <version>1.0</version> <scope>provided</scope> </dependency> </dependencies> </plugin> </plugins> </build> </project>

On the Eclipse side, the setup is identical to the Tomcat setup described above. Simply change the name (mine is called Jetty (Pluto:8081)) and the port number of the listener to what you set it to in MAVEN_OPTS (mine is 8781).


Recently, I needed to profile a web application I wrote. It was taking 4-8 seconds to serve a single page on a production class machine, compared to an expectation of about 40-80 milliseconds. Response times on my much less powerful development box, while not 40-80ms, were tolerable. My initial reaction was to put StopWatch calls within the handleRequest() method of the Controller, timing the blocks which I thought could do with improvement. That detected some places where it was spending more time than I thought it should, so I fixed those, but the pages were still dog slow on production. Moreover, it seemed that response times were degrading under load, and load on the database machines was spiking so as to make them almost unusable. What I needed was a profiler, but I did not know how to set one up, much less know how to run it and interpret the results.

However, good things sometimes happen to bad programmers, and our local performance guru was kind enough to set up a profiling instance on his Netbeans IDE (he is an IDEA user, but he uses Netbeans for its awesome profiling tool) and run a profile for me. It did identify several more hotspots in the code that could be optimized, and I fixed them. The performance did improve somewhat as a result, but we were still seeing spikes on the database machines.

The problem turned out to be contention for the same database resource with another web application, which I figured out by just thinking through it and looking through the code. However, the profiler output helped me weed out the unnecessary stuff quickly. So although the best way to find performance problems is still, in my opinion, just trolling through code coupled with an understanding of the program flow, a profiler makes the process much faster, because it has already told you what you are not looking for.

While I now know (thanks to the same guy who helped me out with the performance numbers before) how to do profiling with the Netbeans IDE, I wanted to do this from within Eclipse using the TPTP plugin, so what follows is my setup for doing that.

More Stories By Sujit Pal

Sujit Pal is a programmer who occasionally dabbles in technical management at Healthline Networks, Inc. - primary product, a taxonomy-driven health search engine. Healthline also builds web-based health tools and generates and hosts medical and health content on its site. His programming language of choice is Java, with Spring for web development and IoC, and Lucene for building the search engine. His scripting language of choice is Python. He loves solving problems and exploring different possibilities with open source tools and frameworks.

Comments (1) View Comments

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.

Most Recent Comments
Jan Bartel 03/01/08 08:25:39 PM EST

Hi Sujit,

Glad to see you use Jetty. Just one thing, the maven-jetty6-plugin is now really really old. We renamed it some time ago to just the maven-jetty-plugin. The current version is jetty-6.1.7, very soon to be release jetty-6.1.8.


IoT & Smart Cities Stories
Digital Transformation and Disruption, Amazon Style - What You Can Learn. Chris Kocher is a co-founder of Grey Heron, a management and strategic marketing consulting firm. He has 25+ years in both strategic and hands-on operating experience helping executives and investors build revenues and shareholder value. He has consulted with over 130 companies on innovating with new business models, product strategies and monetization. Chris has held management positions at HP and Symantec in addition to ...
Dynatrace is an application performance management software company with products for the information technology departments and digital business owners of medium and large businesses. Building the Future of Monitoring with Artificial Intelligence. Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more busine...
The challenges of aggregating data from consumer-oriented devices, such as wearable technologies and smart thermostats, are fairly well-understood. However, there are a new set of challenges for IoT devices that generate megabytes or gigabytes of data per second. Certainly, the infrastructure will have to change, as those volumes of data will likely overwhelm the available bandwidth for aggregating the data into a central repository. Ochandarena discusses a whole new way to think about your next...
CloudEXPO | DevOpsSUMMIT | DXWorldEXPO are the world's most influential, independent events where Cloud Computing was coined and where technology buyers and vendors meet to experience and discuss the big picture of Digital Transformation and all of the strategies, tactics, and tools they need to realize their goals. Sponsors of DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities.
All in Mobile is a place where we continually maximize their impact by fostering understanding, empathy, insights, creativity and joy. They believe that a truly useful and desirable mobile app doesn't need the brightest idea or the most advanced technology. A great product begins with understanding people. It's easy to think that customers will love your app, but can you justify it? They make sure your final app is something that users truly want and need. The only way to do this is by ...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that Big Data Federation to Exhibit at the 22nd International CloudEXPO, colocated with DevOpsSUMMIT and DXWorldEXPO, November 12-13, 2018 in New York City. Big Data Federation, Inc. develops and applies artificial intelligence to predict financial and economic events that matter. The company uncovers patterns and precise drivers of performance and outcomes with the aid of machine-learning algorithms, big data, and fundamental analysis. Their products are deployed...
Cell networks have the advantage of long-range communications, reaching an estimated 90% of the world. But cell networks such as 2G, 3G and LTE consume lots of power and were designed for connecting people. They are not optimized for low- or battery-powered devices or for IoT applications with infrequently transmitted data. Cell IoT modules that support narrow-band IoT and 4G cell networks will enable cell connectivity, device management, and app enablement for low-power wide-area network IoT. B...
The hierarchical architecture that distributes "compute" within the network specially at the edge can enable new services by harnessing emerging technologies. But Edge-Compute comes at increased cost that needs to be managed and potentially augmented by creative architecture solutions as there will always a catching-up with the capacity demands. Processing power in smartphones has enhanced YoY and there is increasingly spare compute capacity that can be potentially pooled. Uber has successfully ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that CrowdReviews.com has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 22nd International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 5–7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. CrowdReviews.com is a transparent online platform for determining which products and services are the best based on the opinion of the crowd. The crowd consists of Internet users that have experienced products and services first-hand and have an interest in letting other potential buye...
When talking IoT we often focus on the devices, the sensors, the hardware itself. The new smart appliances, the new smart or self-driving cars (which are amalgamations of many ‘things'). When we are looking at the world of IoT, we should take a step back, look at the big picture. What value are these devices providing. IoT is not about the devices, its about the data consumed and generated. The devices are tools, mechanisms, conduits. This paper discusses the considerations when dealing with the...