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Debugging and Profiling with Eclipse, Jetty, and Tomcat

I like to run my web container from the command line rather than from the IDE

Sujit Pal's Blog

This article contains some settings I use for remote debugging web applications using the Jetty and Tomcat containers, and profiling web applications deployed on a remote Tomcat server, using the Eclipse IDE. By remote I mean connecting over a socket, the container can (and does in my case, unless I am connecting from home) listen on a port on the local host. The stuff here is hardly original, it has been gleaned from various web pages and blogs, which I reference in the appropriate places. If you use (or are considering using) Eclipse and want to know how to do remote debugging and profiling, this information may be of some use to you.

Debugging

I have been using the Eclipse IDE (with the MyEclipse extension) for about 3 years now. Most of the time, when debugging, I just use logger.debug() calls within the code to see whats going on. I do know how to debug using the Eclipse Debug perspective, but I guess it's just a habit I developed, and old habits die hard. I don't even use Eclipse's CVS perspective anymore, based on some bad experiences at a previous company where I tried but ended up inadvertently removing from CVS code that I removed locally in my IDE (it was incorrect usage on my part). However, lately, I am starting to find debugging very useful, mainly because of the long stop-deploy-start cycle for our main web application.

Unlike a lot of IDE users, I like to run my web container from the command line rather than from the IDE. This is because of two reasons. First, I think the primary goal should be being able to build a WAR file using Ant (or Maven) and being able to deploy to a container. A lot of IDEs make you go through various hoops to make the webapp "compliant", where the definition of what constitutes compliance can vary from IDE to IDE. As an Eclipse user, I have been a minority at my last two jobs, where the majority of Java developers use IDEA, so it usually turns out that I have to make Eclipse comply with what IDEA thinks is a webapp. Second, having to stop and restart the app within a container running within your IDE involves using your mouse (or in case of a laptop, your touchpad), which is way less convenient than the command line with command-history enabled.

We run and develop our main web application using Tomcat. I have been building Maven apps for quite a while now, and I tend to use the Maven-Jetty plugin because its so much more convenient. For Maven webapps, I tend to do most of my development using Jetty, then deploy to the Tomcat server. The upshot is that I need to be able to debug using remote Tomcat and Jetty instances.

Remote Debugging with Tomcat

The information here is from the Tomcat FAQ Wiki. Basically, you add this in to the $CATALINA_HOME/bin/setenv.sh file. My CATALINA_HOME is at /opt/apache-tomcat-5.5.25. If you already have a JAVA_OPTS defined for application-specific stuff, just add the stuff below to your JAVA_OPTS.

# /opt/apache-tomcat-5.5.25/bin/setenv.sh
export JAVA_OPTS="-Xdebug \
  -Xrunjdwp:transport=dt_socket,address=8787,
server=y,suspend=n"

The address=8787 enables a debug listener on Tomcat that Eclipse can connect to to get debug information. On the Eclipse, side, open the Debug Launch Configuration Dialog by clicking "Run > Open Debug Dialog". On the left pane of the dialog, find "Remote Java Application", select and right-click (or click on the New icon on the top). This will open up a Dialog for setting parameters for a Debug Launch configuration. Here are my values:

More Stories By Sujit Pal

Sujit Pal is a programmer who occasionally dabbles in technical management at Healthline Networks, Inc. - primary product, a taxonomy-driven health search engine. Healthline also builds web-based health tools and generates and hosts medical and health content on its site. His programming language of choice is Java, with Spring for web development and IoC, and Lucene for building the search engine. His scripting language of choice is Python. He loves solving problems and exploring different possibilities with open source tools and frameworks.

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Most Recent Comments
Jan Bartel 03/01/08 08:25:39 PM EST

Hi Sujit,

Glad to see you use Jetty. Just one thing, the maven-jetty6-plugin is now really really old. We renamed it some time ago to just the maven-jetty-plugin. The current version is jetty-6.1.7, very soon to be release jetty-6.1.8.

cheers
Jan

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